During the tutorials, Patricia and the other young women participants extended their formal and informal political networks. They increased their self-confidence by gaining communications and debating skills and enhanced their understanding of the ground rules of politics. The experience encouraged them to consider their future and imagine themselves in a political career, as well as deepening their interest in gender equality. Furthermore, they attempted to bring home to the parties the conviction that, by involving women, parties and politics stand to gain. “In discussions, the women with the longest experience told us that they had had to adopt masculine ways in order to be heard and taken seriously,” explains Lucía Rodríguez, 25, of the governing Frente Amplio party.
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The immediate review of the PCU’s political practices and strategy made possible its swift and successful transformation. Within 15 years, the small and isolated party had become a mass party, hegemonic within the labour unions, and the bastion of the 1970s Frente Amplio that broke the traditional model of Uruguayan bipartisanship. For the Party it was a decisive moment that led to a change of leadership, the most important turning point in its history. For some women, such as Sarita Rozentraub, experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace were pivotal in their decisions to take a stance and join the Party. As time passed and official Communist narratives took shape, such defining elements were buried and confined to rarely shared memories. Communist women initiated many social and cultural activities catering for women. The historiography of the Communist Party of Uruguay in the 1960s has only recently begun to address gender issues.
In 1877, a reformist movement supported by a legion of teachers, including Stagnero de Munar, helped to pass a law that made education free, secular and compulsory—a measure they believed to be key to guaranteeing a healthy and strong democracy. In 1882, Stagnero de Munar brought a feminist approach to this https://bestlatinawomen.com/uruguayan-women/ movement by founding the first women’s teaching training college in Uruguay. She served as the head principal there for the next 40 years until her retirement. In the 20th century, women campaigned hard to secure dignified labor conditions, stable democracy in times of tyranny and equal rights for women.
From the capital, Montevideo, to the beaches, to the charm of the smaller villages in the countryside, Uruguay gives you a dose of South American culture, without the nervousness that other countries might give a woman traveling solo. Politicians from across the continent and the political spectrum also paid tribute to him for his stance on human rights and social justice. Anzalone added that women from all over the country are attending the event, mentioning that she hopes the conference will later take place in different parts of the country in the future so that women can address gender issues particular to each region. The law requires women seeking abortions to inform a doctor of the circumstances of the conception and the economic, social, or family hardships which would prevent her from continuing the pregnancy. The same or next day, the doctor is required to consult an interdisciplinary team of at least three professionals, including at least one gynecologist, one mental health professional, and one specialist in social support.
Even working-class Communist women had internalised – at least on paper – some bourgeois standards. This rather interesting approach sheds light on the contradictions of Communist messages directed at women. Even a militant call for women to join the struggle claimed that only through activism could they resolve household problems, assuming that such an argument was necessary to increase mobilisation.
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While some of these publications and projects were short-lived, taken together they attest to a vibrant and accessible media environment for women in Uruguay during this time, and to the ways women made use of “new media” as a tool for advancing their voices into the public sphere. An alliance of women’s groups and a multi-party network of female politicians has joined forces in a campaign for equal opportunities.
Structures of gendered domestic division of labour did not radically change during the 1950s and 1960s, certainly not for working-class families. At the international level, Uruguay has ratified all international commitments regarding gender equality and women’s rights.
Teenagers had access to contraceptives and could use reproductive health services without a presence of responsible adult, in full confidence and confidentiality. The Social Welfare Bank provided special attention to pregnant teenagers, who could access all necessary health services. Teenage pregnancies were prevalent among poor and disadvantaged sectors of the population. The delegation acknowledged difficulties in addressing the specific situation of rural women, and a Committee Expert commended Uruguay for such openness and also for adopting highly sustainable social policies. What steps were being taken to ensure that women from rural and remote areas had the information and training needed to access credits and loans and so use those effective tools for their empowerment? What measures were taken to guarantee women’s access to land in patriarchal societies, and what specific measures would be taken to increase awareness of rural women themselves about their rights in relation to health, land, and access to credit?
Its Department for Women of African Descent aimed to correct past injustices suffered by that group of women. The Department had in place leadership programmes to promote the role and participation of women of African descent and so enable them to play a role in public and political services.
They are not prepared to pretend to be something they are not in order to be heard. Courageous women and girls around the world are demanding power and resources to realize their rights.
Uruguay had been dealing with violence in any form, be it domestic, institutional, workplace or everyday violence. Mariella Mazzotti, Director of the National Institute for Women , informed that in 2007, the Law on the Equality of Opportunities and Rights had been accepted, creating the National Coordinator of Public Policies for the Equality of Gender. The first priority was to secure lives free of gender-based violence, which was still prevalent and a matter of serious concern.
“We focus on rural women, but not because we want to keep women in their traditional role. Of course it’s true that making your own money is important, that access to and equal rights on the job market are ways to emancipation and autonomy. In the 90’s, when peasant women groups just started, we had a difficult time. It can be challenging to convince husbands to let women leave the house to go to meetings. “Women who are farmers think about investments in a different way, make different decisions about seeds and soil treatment, because they think about food production in the long and very long term.